Kagame praised, feared

Some commentators believe 25 years after Rwanda's genocide, the country has yet to truly heal from its violent past.

06 May 2019 | Africa

A quarter-century after Rwanda's brutal genocide, President Paul Kagame remains a constant figure atop the country's politics, feted by those who say it needs his visionary leadership and loathed by others who see a firm authoritarian with a malicious streak.

Kagame is so little-questioned that he speaks openly about the apparent assassinations of opponents.

That fear factor keeps him in power, critics say, even as he embraces a global reputation as the man who helped bring an end to the mass killings of some 800 000 ethnic Tutsis and moderate Hutus, and who has brought stability to the East African nation.

In a speech last month, Kagame spoke dismissively of the crime that launched his reputation as a hard-liner: The 1998 killing of exiled opposition leader Seth Sendashonga, a fierce Kagame critic, who was gunned down in the streets of the Kenyan capital, Nairobi.

Referring to the assassination, widely believed to have been carried out by a Rwandan hit squad at Kagame's orders, Kagame said he had little to say.

“But I am also not apologetic about it,” he added.

It was vintage Kagame, who has been Rwanda's de facto leader since his rebel group seized power by force, ending the 100-day genocide that began on April 7, 1994. He has been president since 2000, and could rule until 2034 following changes to the constitution.

Now 61, Kagame shows no signs of giving up power.



A driver of economic growth

A darling of the development community, Kagame is lauded by some as a driver of economic growth that has lifted many Rwandans from poverty, bringing improved health care and education.

He has also pushed for more women in political office, and 64% of the lawmakers in Rwanda's parliament are women, the highest percentage of any country in the world.

But for many others he is the architect of an authoritarian regime that has stamped out virtually all opposition in Rwanda as opponents are jailed, flee, disappear, or are killed under mysterious circumstances.

“There is absolutely no room for dissent within Rwanda,” said British writer Michela Wrong, who is researching a book on the country. “You agree, you accept Kagame's supreme power, or you leave.”

Rights groups decry what they describe as rampant violations that include the arbitrary detentions of street children and other poor people as part of an unofficial government program to hide “undesirable” citizens from view, according to Human Rights Watch.

Street vendors, many of them women, have been among the main targets, it said.

Civic groups, journalists, rights watchdogs and political opponents “cannot operate independently or criticise government policy”, Human Rights Watch said in its most recent assessment of conditions in Rwanda.

Amnesty International cited a “climate of fear” before Kagame was re-elected to a third term in 2017, a vote that the president described as “a formality” after the most serious challenger was prevented from running and later jailed.

Even government programs ostensibly aimed at forging national unity are criticised by opponents as tools to more tightly control society.

The US State Department, which describes Rwanda as “a constitutional republic dominated by a strong presidency”, also cites the problem of impunity among civilian authorities and the security forces.

Still, Rwanda's government remains a major recipient of US and other foreign aid despite persistent allegations of abuses – a fact that has been sharply criticized by Kagame's opponents. Some analysts have long noted that Western remorse over failure to stop the genocide allows Rwanda a measure of goodwill from benefactors who would act tougher with a similarly repressive regime.



'Reconciliation is a reality'

Olivier Nduhungirehe, Rwanda's deputy minister of foreign affairs, told The Associated Press that those complaining about human rights “should keep quiet”, as Rwanda marks 25 years since the genocide.

“We can't say that everything is perfect, of course,” he said, of concerns voiced by some exiles, who say they are afraid to return home. “But reconciliation is a reality for the past 25 years.”

Some critics who have fallen out with the president, including senior ruling party members once seen as Kagame allies, have fled into exile, where safety isn't always guaranteed.

British police have warned two prominent Rwandan dissidents of the threats to their lives posed by Rwanda's government. Similar warnings have been issued to dissidents elsewhere in Europe.

In South Africa, an inquest continues into the death of former Rwandan spy chief and Kagame critic Patrick Karegeya, who was found strangled in a Johannesburg hotel in 2014.

Kagame has denied his government had anything to do with the killing but warned that those who betray their country will “pay the price”.



NAMPA/AP

Similar News

 

Comet Neowise visible just after sunset

1 week ago - 30 July 2020 | Africa

ELVIRA HATTINGH WINDHOEKComet Neowise (C/2020 F3) is now visible in the southern hemisphere just after sunset.The Astronomy Society of Southern Africa said it has received...

Namibia stagnates on several SDGs

1 week ago - 29 July 2020 | Africa

ELLANIE SMIT WINDHOEK Namibia has been ranked 119th among 166 countries in achieving the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). This...

Africa should become the conservation continent

1 week ago - 27 July 2020 | Africa

ELLANIE SMIT WINDHOEK Protecting 30% of the earth's surface by 2030 could result in greater economic opportunities for emerging economies...

Response plan to improve health access, protect economies

3 months ago - 06 May 2020 | Africa

The African Union Development Agency (AUDA-NEPAD) has launched a COVID-19 Response Plan of Action to assist African countries to improve access to sustainable and resilient...

Namibian companies consider AfCFTA boon

8 months ago - 19 November 2019 | Africa

CATHERINE SASMANNamibia recently signed the African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA) that could potentially unlock the massive African market of 1.2 billion people as the...

Small burial for Mugabe

10 months ago - 30 September 2019 | Africa

The body of Zimbabwe's former president Robert Mugabe was buried on Saturday in his rural village of Kutama, an AFP reporter at the scene said.The...

Another dos Santos falls

10 months ago - 30 September 2019 | Africa

One year ago, the dos Santos family handed the Angolan presidency over to Joao Lourenco. The new president promised to tackle corruption which crippled the...

South Africans are not xenophobic

10 months ago - 17 September 2019 | Africa

South African president Cyril Ramaphosa has apologised for the violent attacks by South Africans against nationals of other African countries, saying South Africans are not...

Mugabe: Hero or zero?

10 months ago - 16 September 2019 | Africa

Some believe the late Robert Mugabe was thrown into the dustbin of history when he was deposed as president of Zimbabwe in 2017, yet many...

Mugabe: Liberation hero turned despot

11 months ago - 06 September 2019 | Africa

Robert Mugabe, who has died aged 95, used repression and fear to hold on to power in Zimbabwe for 37 years until he was finally...

Latest News

River-crossing fugitive in custody

12 hours ago | Crime

OGONE TLHAGEWINDHOEKImmanuel David, a Namibian-born South African passport holder who entered the country illegally by crossing the Orange River in a canoe in June, has...

Harambee goal down the toilet

12 hours ago | Government

Jo-Maré Duddy WINDHOEK Of the 50 000 toilets in informal settlements in rural areas President Hage Geingob promised in his Harambee Prosperity Plan (HPP)...

Contraceptive shortage: 27 900 unintended...

12 hours ago | Health

JEMIMA BEUKESWINDHOEKA study predicts that up to 27 900 unintended pregnancies may occur in Namibia because of a shortage of contraceptives brought about by the...

RFA spend massive amounts

12 hours ago | Economics

The Road Fund Administration (RFA) has over the past five-years allocated N$ 177.2 million to the City of Windhoek towards road maintenance and traffic law...

Rid Namibian police of rogue...

12 hours ago | Opinion

Videos of Namibian police officers assaulting alleged illegal immigrants from Zambia are a continuation of many violations that have become common place within the national...

'Covid-19 used for hidden agendas'

12 hours ago | Labour

ELLANIE SMIT WINDHOEK The Trade Union Congress of Namibia (Tucna) yesterday accused government of purposefully using the Covid-19 pandemic to clandestinely and deliberately destroy parastatals,...

Otavi man commits suicide by...

12 hours ago | Crime

NAMPAOTJIWARONGOA 30-year-old man from Otavi committed suicide by allegedly drinking acid on Monday.Otjozondjupa police spokesperson, Inspector Maureen Mbeha, said yesterday the deceased has been identified...

N$5.5m for wildlife protection

12 hours ago | Environment

ELLANIE SMIT WINDHOEK The Game Product Trust Fund (GPTF) has become increasingly important in protecting wildlife due to a lack of funding from government. The...

COMPANY NEWS IN BRIEF

12 hours ago | Business

Disney takes US$5 billion hit Walt Disney Co avoided the unmitigated disaster some investors feared as it eked out an adjusted profit amid the coronavirus...

Load More