The curse of the '9'

Elders in the north share their memories of severe drought years saying years ending in '9' are always dry.
Ileni Nandjato
Andreas Nenkavu (90) says this year’s drought reminds him of the 1939, when many of the earthen dams in the north had to be excavated by citizens by hand, under government food-for-work projects.

Historian Vilho Tshilongo and Nenkavu said years ending with nine have not been good years historically, as they have always brought drought.

They made reference to 1939, 1959, 1969 and 1989, saying drought was experienced during all these years.

“What I have experienced is that many years that end with nine are drought years. I experienced it first in 1939 when I was 10 years old. There was also drought in 1959, 1969 and 1989,” Nenkavu said.

The rainy season in Namibia normally takes place between November and March. This also the crop-growing season.

But although the country is already in the last month of the current rainy season, insufficient rain has fallen and crops are struggling to survive the hot weather, while animals have nothing to graze on.

Nenkavu, who spoke to Namibian Sun at his home at Oshinyadhila village in the Oshana Region, said he has experienced several droughts over the decades.

“As far as I can remember, we always get some years of good rain, some years of flooding and some years of drought. I never experienced a situation in which we experienced good rains for even five consecutive years.

“Over the past years we have experienced flooding, followed by a reduction in rainfall, which turned into drought this year,” Nenkavu said.

Nenkavu said during his youth, the then government used to collect mahangu from farmers, keep it in silos and hand it over to people during droughts.

He said the government of the time did not hand out this mahangu for free, but used food-for-work projects.

“Many of the earthen dams you are seeing today were excavated by people using their own hands during the drought of 1939. Local people call that year’s drought ‘ondjala yoka peleki’. These were food-for-work projects and those who were working were issued with metallic tickets that enabled them get mahangu. They used to get mahangu every day after work because that year there was no food at all,” Nenkavu said.

He said this is how people survived and many earthen dams were excavated around the former Ovamboland. He said these dams were crucial for human and livestock during dry seasons.

He added in 1959 all the northern areas did not receive rainfall and many people had to buy mahangu at Okalongo, while in 1946 only Ondonga areas did not receive rainfall.

Tshilongo, who spoke to Namibian Sun at his home at Elim in the Omusati Region, said many of the droughts recorded in history books took place during years ending with nine.

“According to the history books, sometimes rain would start off so well in November, but come January, there was no rain and crops and grass would dry up. People and livestock would then suffer hunger,” Tshilongo said.

“People and animals do not really suffer during the drought year, but they always suffer the following year. This year people and animals may have enough food from last year, but what about next year? Will there be enough to eat?”

Nenkavu said people must be ready for one of the worst droughts ever.

He said that rain might come, but it is already too late for the grass and crops to mature.

ILENI NANDJATO

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Namibian Sun 2024-06-25

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Katima Mulilo: 9° | 26° Rundu: 11° | 26° Eenhana: 13° | 28° Oshakati: 12° | 28° Ruacana: 11° | 28° Tsumeb: 12° | 24° Otjiwarongo: 8° | 22° Omaruru: 11° | 24° Windhoek: 7° | 19° Gobabis: 7° | 20° Henties Bay: 16° | 32° Wind speed: 37km/h, Wind direction: E, Low tide: 11:35, High tide: 05:37, Low Tide: 00:11, High tide: 18:10 Swakopmund: 19° | 25° Wind speed: 40km/h, Wind direction: S, Low tide: 11:33, High tide: 05:35, Low Tide: 00:09, High tide: 18:08 Walvis Bay: 21° | 31° Wind speed: 36km/h, Wind direction: SE, Low tide: 11:33, High tide: 05:34, Low Tide: 00:09, High tide: 18:07 Rehoboth: 6° | 21° Mariental: 9° | 22° Keetmanshoop: 11° | 22° Aranos: 8° | 22° Lüderitz: 21° | 32° Ariamsvlei: 11° | 24° Oranjemund: 13° | 29° Luanda: 21° | 23° Gaborone: 10° | 22° Lubumbashi: 9° | 25° Mbabane: 10° | 18° Maseru: 4° | 17° Antananarivo: 11° | 20° Lilongwe: 14° | 24° Maputo: 16° | 24° Windhoek: 7° | 19° Cape Town: 12° | 18° Durban: 16° | 22° Johannesburg: 9° | 17° Dar es Salaam: 21° | 30° Lusaka: 12° | 23° Harare: 11° | 18° Currency: GBP to NAD 23.05 | EUR to NAD 19.5 | CNY to NAD 2.51 | USD to NAD 18.23 | DZD to NAD 0.13 | AOA to NAD 0.02 | BWP to NAD 1.3 | EGP to NAD 0.37 | KES to NAD 0.14 | NGN to NAD 0.01 | ZMW to NAD 0.7 | ZWL to NAD 0.04 | BRL to NAD 3.34 | RUB to NAD 0.21 | INR to NAD 0.22 | USD to DZD 134.27 | USD to AOA 853.63 | USD to BWP 13.53 | USD to EGP 48.33 | USD to KES 127.98 | USD to NGN 1479.51 | USD to ZAR 18.23 | USD to ZMW 25.65 | USD to ZWL 321 | Stock Exchange: JSE All Share Index Same 0 | Namibian Stock Exchange (NSX) Overall Index 1785.89 Up +0.14% | Casablanca Stock Exchange (CSE) MASI 13125.47 Down -0.12% | Egyptian Exchange (EGX) 30 Index 26902.4 Down -0.59% | Botswana Stock Exchange (BSE) DCI 9281.23 Same 0 | NSX: MTC 7.75 SAME | Anirep 8.99 SAME | Capricorn Investment group 17.34 SAME | FirstRand Namibia Ltd 49 DOWN 0.50% | Letshego Holdings (Namibia) Ltd 4.1 UP 2.50% | Namibia Asset Management Ltd 0.7 SAME | Namibia Breweries Ltd 31.49 UP 0.03% | Nictus Holdings - Nam 2.22 SAME | Oryx Properties Ltd 12.1 UP 1.70% | Paratus Namibia Holdings 11.99 SAME | SBN Holdings 8.45 SAME | Trustco Group Holdings Ltd 0.48 SAME | B2Gold Corporation 47.34 DOWN 1.50% | Local Index closed 677.62 UP 0.12% | Overall Index closed 1534.6 DOWN 0.05% | Osino Resources Corp 19.47 DOWN 2.41% | Commodities: Gold US$ 2 324.91/OZ DOWN -0.0026 | Copper US$ 4.38/lb DOWN -0.0075 | Zinc US$ 2 887.90/T UP 1.2% | Brent Crude Oil US$ 85.38/BBP DOWN -0.0075 | Platinum US$ 988.27/OZ DOWN -0.0081 Sport results: Weather: Katima Mulilo: 9° | 26° Rundu: 11° | 26° Eenhana: 13° | 28° Oshakati: 12° | 28° Ruacana: 11° | 28° Tsumeb: 12° | 24° Otjiwarongo: 8° | 22° Omaruru: 11° | 24° Windhoek: 7° | 19° Gobabis: 7° | 20° Henties Bay: 16° | 32° Wind speed: 37km/h, Wind direction: E, Low tide: 11:35, High tide: 05:37, Low Tide: 00:11, High tide: 18:10 Swakopmund: 19° | 25° Wind speed: 40km/h, Wind direction: S, Low tide: 11:33, High tide: 05:35, Low Tide: 00:09, High tide: 18:08 Walvis Bay: 21° | 31° Wind speed: 36km/h, Wind direction: SE, Low tide: 11:33, High tide: 05:34, Low Tide: 00:09, High tide: 18:07 Rehoboth: 6° | 21° Mariental: 9° | 22° Keetmanshoop: 11° | 22° Aranos: 8° | 22° Lüderitz: 21° | 32° Ariamsvlei: 11° | 24° Oranjemund: 13° | 29° Luanda: 21° | 23° Gaborone: 10° | 22° Lubumbashi: 9° | 25° Mbabane: 10° | 18° Maseru: 4° | 17° Antananarivo: 11° | 20° Lilongwe: 14° | 24° Maputo: 16° | 24° Windhoek: 7° | 19° Cape Town: 12° | 18° Durban: 16° | 22° Johannesburg: 9° | 17° Dar es Salaam: 21° | 30° Lusaka: 12° | 23° Harare: 11° | 18° Economic Indicators: Currency: GBP to NAD 23.05 | EUR to NAD 19.5 | CNY to NAD 2.51 | USD to NAD 18.23 | DZD to NAD 0.13 | AOA to NAD 0.02 | BWP to NAD 1.3 | EGP to NAD 0.37 | KES to NAD 0.14 | NGN to NAD 0.01 | ZMW to NAD 0.7 | ZWL to NAD 0.04 | BRL to NAD 3.34 | RUB to NAD 0.21 | INR to NAD 0.22 | USD to DZD 134.27 | USD to AOA 853.63 | USD to BWP 13.53 | USD to EGP 48.33 | USD to KES 127.98 | USD to NGN 1479.51 | USD to ZAR 18.23 | USD to ZMW 25.65 | USD to ZWL 321 | Stock Exchange: JSE All Share Index Same 0 | Namibian Stock Exchange (NSX) Overall Index 1785.89 Up +0.14% | Casablanca Stock Exchange (CSE) MASI 13125.47 Down -0.12% | Egyptian Exchange (EGX) 30 Index 26902.4 Down -0.59% | Botswana Stock Exchange (BSE) DCI 9281.23 Same 0 | NSX: MTC 7.75 SAME | Anirep 8.99 SAME | Capricorn Investment group 17.34 SAME | FirstRand Namibia Ltd 49 DOWN 0.50% | Letshego Holdings (Namibia) Ltd 4.1 UP 2.50% | Namibia Asset Management Ltd 0.7 SAME | Namibia Breweries Ltd 31.49 UP 0.03% | Nictus Holdings - Nam 2.22 SAME | Oryx Properties Ltd 12.1 UP 1.70% | Paratus Namibia Holdings 11.99 SAME | SBN Holdings 8.45 SAME | Trustco Group Holdings Ltd 0.48 SAME | B2Gold Corporation 47.34 DOWN 1.50% | Local Index closed 677.62 UP 0.12% | Overall Index closed 1534.6 DOWN 0.05% | Osino Resources Corp 19.47 DOWN 2.41% | Commodities: Gold US$ 2 324.91/OZ DOWN -0.0026 | Copper US$ 4.38/lb DOWN -0.0075 | Zinc US$ 2 887.90/T UP 1.2% | Brent Crude Oil US$ 85.38/BBP DOWN -0.0075 | Platinum US$ 988.27/OZ DOWN -0.0081