Organised crime low in Namibia

10 October 2019 | Crime

Namibia is among the countries with the lowest level of organised crime in Africa.

This is according to a report by the Enact project, financed by the European Union (EU).

According to the first edition of the Enact Organised Crime Index, with data for 2018, Namibia scored an average of 3.82 points in the organised crime index, which scores countries between one and 10.

The figure is calculated between two scores. One refers to the prevalence of criminal markets, and the other refers to the structure in the country and the influence of criminal agents.

In the first case, the markets for human trafficking, crimes against fauna, flora and non-renewable resources, arms trafficking, and various types of drug trafficking (heroin, cocaine, cannabis and synthetic drugs) are taken into account.

The second indicator is calculated based on the intervention of groups that act as criminal networks, state agents or foreign criminal agents.

Sao Tome and Principe have the lowest level of organised crime in any African country with an average score of 1.88, while the top of the criminal index is occupied by Nigeria, with a score of 7.70 points, followed by the DRC with 7.29 points, and the Central African Republic (CAR) with 6.86 points.

The index ranks Namibia 44th in Africa, meaning the country scored well in terms of criminality and in relation to criminal markets.

It says the main criminal markets in Namibia are in the environmental sector, all scoring between 4.5 and 6.

“In relation to flora crimes, the illegal logging industry is significant and Namibia is also a transit country for timber from Africa destined for Asia.”

It says the market for exotic hardwoods is one of the largest of all illegal commercial enterprises in the country, and runs in parallel to legal markets for timber and charcoal. It was scored 6, the highest score of any of the country's criminal markets.

“Namibia also has a large market for ivory, rhino horn and pangolins for sale outside Africa. Reports have linked criminal syndicates with poaching and wildlife trafficking.” However, fauna crimes were scored 5.5, reflecting a decrease in poaching, according to the index.

“The market for illicit diamonds and gemstones in Namibia is considerable. An estimated 80% of small-scale mining is illegal.”

Furthermore, the markets for illicit narcotics in Namibia all score between 2 and 3, suggesting a very limited influence.

“Namibia is a trans-shipment country for cocaine, heroin and cannabis, but the volumes trafficked are on a minimal scale. Similarly, although a domestic market exists for cannabis, cocaine and synthetic drugs, the incidence of illegal narcotics use in Namibia is low, explaining the low scores experts attribute to the drug trades.”

According to the index human trafficking, human smuggling and arms trafficking are also judged to be minor issues in Namibia, with no market exceeding a score of 3.

“The human trafficking market is present but not ubiquitous, with children the most at risk. The market is not particularly organised.”

According to the index the criminal actors with the most influence are foreign actors, scoring 6.

“Gangs from neighbouring countries, but also from Asia, are established in Namibia. They are reportedly involved in numerous criminal markets, including the illicit trade in exotic hardwoods and animal parts.”

Criminal networks score 4.5, suggesting they exert a moderately negative influence on society. The index points out that organised syndicates are involved in the most significant illicit trades, particularly in relation to wildlife crimes and human trafficking.

“Although there is little evidence of the presence of mafia-style groups in Namibia, gangs are reported in prisons,” the report states.

Namibia recorded moderate scores for resilience, with all areas scoring between 3 and 6.5, culminating in an overall resilience ranking of 13th.

International cooperation, national policies and laws against organised crime, and the economic regulatory environment are all deemed to be effective.

“But experts note insufficient levels of funding to various institutions and government bodies, corruption and porous borders as areas of concern.”

The overall criminality score for Africa is 5. This score is composed by a 4.7 score for criminal markets, and 5.3 score for criminal actors. The resilience score is 3.9.



ELLANIE SMIT

Similar News

 

Intercape confirms terrifying bus robbery

2 days ago - 13 December 2019 | Crime

While confirming a terrifying incident in which Intercape passengers were robbed at gunpoint on their way to Harare, the bus company did not answer questions...

N$100k fine for ivory possession

2 days ago - 13 December 2019 | Crime

A man has been sentenced to a fine of N$100 00 or four years in prison for illegal possession of four elephant tusks. Bangorogile Motsokwe...

Half of rape victims are children

3 days ago - 12 December 2019 | Crime

About half of the 711 rape cases reported in Namibia this year involved children.According to police statistics, 358 of the victims were adults - 345...

PG must decide on Gertze - cops

1 week ago - 06 December 2019 | Crime

The police said they have not yet received any communication from Anittha Gertze, the wife of Namibia Qualifications Authority (NQA) CEO Franz Gertze, about withdrawing...

14 arrested for wildlife crimes

1 week ago - 06 December 2019 | Crime

Fourteen suspects were arrested for wildlife crimes in the past two weeks and five new cases were registered. According to statistics provided by the intelligence...

Cop faces murder charge over teen's death

1 week ago - 05 December 2019 | Crime

A case of murder has been opened against a police officer who fatally shot 18-year-old Johnny Doeseb in Katutura on Sunday night.The police are urging...

Noa slams 'armchair critics'

1 week ago - 05 December 2019 | Crime

The Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) has lashed out at “armchair critics”, commentators and potential witnesses for failing to come forward with relevant information on the Fishrot...

Drugs worth N$12m seized in 6 months

1 week ago - 05 December 2019 | Crime

Drugs to the value of close to N$12 million have been seized in the past six months, while 636 suspects were arrested in connection with...

Sisa under scrutiny

1 week ago - 04 December 2019 | Crime

JEMIMA BEUKES The Law Society of Namibia (LSN) is closely monitoring allegations linking lawyers Sisa Namandje and...

Fishrot six under tax scrutiny

1 week ago - 04 December 2019 | Crime

Finance minister Calle Schlettwein says his ministry is investigating potential tax evasion linked to the unfolding Fishrot scandal. Schlettwein took to social media...

Latest News

Rundu chaos engulfs Swapo again

2 days ago - 13 December 2019 | Politics

The same chaos that engulfed the Rundu town council office-bearers election late last year, which dragged on to earlier this year, is once again playing...

Intercape confirms terrifying bus robbery

2 days ago - 13 December 2019 | Crime

While confirming a terrifying incident in which Intercape passengers were robbed at gunpoint on their way to Harare, the bus company did not answer questions...

Action, not promises

2 days ago - 13 December 2019 | Opinion

Acting fisheries minister Albert Kawana's utterances on Wednesday in Walvis Bay, where he addressed the fishing industry, must have come as music to the ears...

Erastus gets CEO nod

2 days ago - 13 December 2019 | Business

Licky Erastus has been appointment as the new CEO of Mobile Telecommunications Limited (MTC). Erastus had served as the company's acting CEO since June...

Dam levels still critical

2 days ago - 13 December 2019 | Disasters

While several dams have received inflows following good rains over the majority of the country, forecasts indicate that most parts of Namibia can expect only...

N$100k fine for ivory possession

2 days ago - 13 December 2019 | Crime

A man has been sentenced to a fine of N$100 00 or four years in prison for illegal possession of four elephant tusks. Bangorogile Motsokwe...

Students accuse Schlettwein of 'sabotage'

2 days ago - 13 December 2019 | Education

The Students' Union of Namibia (SUN) has accused finance minister Calle Schlettwein of sabotage, saying he is yet to release monies to pay their tuition...

Hundreds of thousands food insecure

2 days ago - 13 December 2019 | Disasters

ELLANIE SMIT Namibia’s agricultural sector has been contracting for the past five years and rural households and small-scale farmers have been severely affected, with 700...

Rundu welcomes ACC probe

2 days ago - 13 December 2019 | Disasters

KENYA KAMBOWE Rundu mayor Isak Kandingu has responded to a letter circulating on social media which alleges that the Rundu town council illegally swapped land...

Load More