FMD spreads in Kavango East

Despite strict control measures, the foot-and-mouth disease outbreak in Kavango East has spread to another constituency and to the neighbouring region.

02 November 2020 | Agriculture



Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is now present in two Kavango East constituencies and has spread to Kavango West too despite stringent quarantine measures.

The outbreak was first reported at Hoha village in the Ndiyona Constituency of the Kavango East region on 28 September.

Chief veterinary officer Albertina Musilika-Shilongo says it has now spread to Shighuru village in Mashare Constituency in the same region.

Furthermore, a new FMD outbreak was detected on 27 October 2020 at Sivara village in the Kapako Constituency of the Kavango West region. Sivara village is situated 50 km west of Rundu.

According to Musilika-Shilongo, 13 cattle there have tested positive for FMD.

Control measures

The two Kavango regions are now disease management areas and a number of FMD control measures have been instituted.

They include a ban on the movement of all live cloven-hoofed animals into, out and within the regions. All previously issued movement permits are cancelled.

Transportation of potentially infectious commodities such as raw meat, milk, hides, skins, game trophies, grass and plant materials out of the regions is also banned.

A number of roadblocks have been set up at strategic points and patrol teams are deployed around and within the two regions to enforce the quarantine.

Emergency vaccination of all cattle in the two Kavango regions is ongoing and farmers are urged to take their cattle to designated crush pens. Movement of live cloven-hoofed animals from the FMD Free and Protection Zones into the two Kavango regions is allowed for animals destined for slaughter. The animals must be slaughtered within 72 hours after arrival and under the supervision of veterinary officials.

Slaughtering of cloven-hoofed animals for own consumption is allowed in the two regions but the meat may not be transported out of the infected areas.

Transportation of raw meat and other animal products from the FMD Free and Protection zones and also from an export abattoir in the Zambezi Region into the two Kavango regions is also permitted.

In-transit movement of live cloven-hoofed animals and their products through the two Kavango regions is allowed under strict conditions.

All vehicles transporting such animals must be sealed under veterinary supervision.

The offloading of these animals must also be done under veterinary supervision.

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