Alcohol linked to high suicide rate

29 May 2019 | Social Issues

Namibia has once again been fingered as one of the African countries with the highest per capita alcohol consumption, which could also explain its high suicide and murder rates according to the latest study on global health statistics.

The World Health Statistics report, published annually since 2005, is the World Health Organisation's annual snapshot of the state of the world's health.

According to the latest report Namibia is among the ten African countries with the highest alcohol consumption, and is ranked sixth.

The study indicates that Namibians over the age of 15 consumed on average 9.8 litres of pure alcohol in 2016. The consumption of male drinkers stood at 17.3 litres of pure alcohol per capita, while women consumed 2.9 litres of pure alcohol per capita.

Nigeria had the heaviest drinkers, consuming 13.4 litres of pure alcohol per capita, followed by Seychelles (12 litres), Gabon (11.5 litres), Equatorial Guinea (11.3 litres) and Eswatini (9.9 litres).

Niger consumed the smallest amount of alcohol at 0.5 litres per capita.

On average, men consumed far more alcohol than women worldwide in 2016 (10.1 litres versus 2.7 litres of pure alcohol per person).

The largest consumption for both sexes was in high-income countries in the European Region, and the smallest in low-income countries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. The largest male to female ratios were observed in the Eastern Mediterranean, South-East Asian and African regions.

“The high average alcohol consumption in men is likely to be one of the drivers of men's excess rates of suicide mortality relative to women,” the report states.

The statistics indicate that 8.7 per 100 000 people in Namibia committed suicide in 2016. The suicide mortality rate for men stood at 14.1 per 100 000 while for women it was 3.6 per 100 000. s

Worldwide, suicide mortality rates dropped by 16% (men) and 20% (women) between the years 2000 and 2016.

In 2016, nearly 800 000 deaths worldwide were due to suicide, equivalent to a rate of 10.6 per 100 000 people.

Globally, for every female suicide death, there are nearly two male deaths (13.5 and 7.7 deaths per 100 000 population in men and women, respectively).

“Although suicide attempts are about two to four times more frequent among females, men are more likely to use lethal means, partly explaining the reversed pattern in suicide mortality rates,” the report states.

Men in the European Region and in high-income countries suffer from the highest suicide mortality rates (24.7 and 21.0 per 100 000 population, respectively).

The highest female suicide mortality rates were seen in the South-East Asian Region (11.6 per 100 000 population) and in lower-middle-income countries (8.8 per 100 000 population). The lowest were seen in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, and in low-income countries, for both men and women.

Furthermore, the report added that the mortality rate due to homicide in Namibia was 18.3 per 100 000. For men it stood at 32 per 100 000 and for women it was 5.3 per 100 000.

According to the report there were an estimated 477 000 deaths globally due to homicides in 2016.

Men are almost four times more likely to be murdered than women. Risk factors for homicide include poverty, availability of guns and alcohol.

“Globally, one in five homicides is committed by an intimate partner or family member, with women making up the majority of those deaths.”

The report says preventing homicide and nonfatal violence requires a multisectoral approach that addresses underlying causes, such as gender, social and economic inequalities; cultural norms that support violence; and easy access to and misuse of alcohol, drugs and firearms.

ELLANIE SMIT

Similar News

 

Hopeless, destitute

3 days ago - 14 June 2019 | Social Issues

A family of five at Kayeura village in the Musese constituency of Kavango East are living amid hopelessness in a makeshift structure made of pieces...

‘Just hunt for another woman’

5 days ago - 12 June 2019 | Social Issues

KENYA KAMBOWE Gender affairs minister Doreen Sioka has urged men to find another partner when their relationships go...

Alcohol linked to high suicide rate

2 weeks ago - 29 May 2019 | Social Issues

Namibia has once again been fingered as one of the African countries with the highest per capita alcohol consumption, which could also explain its high...

Deadbeat dads

3 weeks ago - 21 May 2019 | Social Issues

Although Namibian law holds both parents equally responsible for meeting the basic needs of their children, nearly half of households are run by single mothers,...

Confusion over shack baby

1 month - 15 May 2019 | Social Issues

The mother of a three-month-old baby girl who the City Police confirmed had died at the end of April after she and her three young...

Blaauw makes a difference

1 month - 14 May 2019 | Social Issues

Mariselle Stofberg and Michelline NawatisesTylo Blaauw has raised funds to have an air conditioner installed at an old-age home and also handed over a cheque...

Our grim suicide reality

2 months ago - 04 April 2019 | Social Issues

An estimated 25 000 Namibians attempted suicide in 2015, while 2 331 Namibians died by suicide between 2011 and 2015. The high number of...

No bed, no food, only God's grace

2 months ago - 02 April 2019 | Social Issues

With no bed to sleep on, no food to eat and a mahangu field that is likely to yield no harvest this year, an elderly...

Women should aim for presidency - Geingos

3 months ago - 11 March 2019 | Social Issues

First Lady Monica Geingos has told women that they must aim to become president instead of first lady.Geingos was speaking during an interview with the...

Sixteen and pregnant

3 months ago - 04 March 2019 | Social Issues

Namibian Sun caught up with Anna Kastoor (not her real name) at Kalkrand. She left school when she was in Grade 7 because her family...

Latest News

Amutjaa too strong for Weyulu...

17 hours ago | Sports

Tielman van LillAC Boxing Academy, in association with Kinda Promotions and 12 Round Boxing Academy, hosted a professional boxing development tournament on Saturday at the...

Buried alive

17 hours ago | Crime

Two Ohangwena men - 29-year-old Kashima Junias Hauwanga and 36-year-old Jacob Hangula - died after the well they were digging collapsed, burying them alive.The Ohangwena...

Pastor accused of raping daughter...

17 hours ago | Justice

Following a marathon court session, a 55-year-old Okahandja pastor who is accused of raping his own daughter over a period of 13 years, has been...

Where will the buck stop?

17 hours ago | Columns

Amid the outpouring of anger and grief linked to the senseless killing of taxi driver Talent Fambaune last week during Operation Kalahari Desert lies a...

NPC bemoans lack of funds

17 hours ago | Sports

NAMPA Namibians should not be shocked if they no longer see para-athletes winning medals, the elite athletes are reaching their prime and there is little...

Poised to surprise

17 hours ago | Sports

The past few months have been hectic but rewarding period for Namibian football. The news that Namibia qualified for the flagship Afcon tournament...

Critics gun for Geingob

17 hours ago | Crime

Political detractors and critics of President Hage Geingob have called on him to explain - as the army's commander-in-chief (CIC) and the current SADC chair...

PM cracks the whip on...

17 hours ago | Business

Prime Minister Saara Kuugongelwa-Amadhila says the state ownership of public enterprises should not be a justification for their perpetual dependency on national treasury. She said...

Titans announce winter tour of...

17 hours ago | Sports

The Multiply Titans will embark on a maiden tour of Namibia later this month for a two-match exhibition T20 tournament, presented by Windhoek Beer in...

Load More