2.35 million urbanites by 2041

Increased poverty and a lack of opportunities drives urban migration, along with climate change.

13 July 2018 | Local News

The worsening impacts of climate change are contributing to an increase in internal migration from rural to urban areas in Namibia, with the urban population expected to reach a whopping 2.35 million by 2041.

The key drivers of urbanisation are unemployment, rural poverty and loss of livelihood, which is attributed to natural hazards, among others.

At an estimated annual growth rate of 1.9%, Namibia's population is growing rapidly and the population is projected to be 3.59 million by 2041.

According to a report titled Migration, Environment and Climate Change in Namibia, the country is classified as one the nations in the world most vulnerable to climate change and natural hazards.

The report says that by 2041, Namibia's rural population is projected to be about 1.25 million or 35%, which reflects a significant decrease from 57.2% in 2011. In contrast, the urban population is projected to be about 2.35 million or 65%, indicating a significant increase from 42.8% in 2011.

The report says the country experiences significant agricultural production losses, while 70% of the population directly depend on food security for survival.

“The effects of climate change and natural hazards pose serious threats to the livelihood of communities and socioeconomic development at large.”

The report says due to increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, such as droughts and floods, affected communities are forced to migrate from one area to another, mostly to escape drought-stricken or flooded areas or in search of water, grazing and arable land, in order to enhance their livelihood and survival.

It notes that climate change has increased the occurrence of droughts and floods, which negatively impacts on agricultural productivity and the livelihood of communities

According to the report Namibia's urban population increased from 42.8% in 2011 to 47.9% in 2016, while the rural population declined from 57.2% in 2011 to 52.1% in 2016, which reflects a high trend of rural to urban migration in the country.

At regional level, the Khomas has the largest share of the total population with 17.9%, followed by Ohangwena with 11% and Omusati with 10.8%. Omaheke had the smallest total share of population at 3.2%

“Across the world, urbanisation is taking place at an alarming rate and it is projected that by 2050, 66% of the world's population will be living in urban areas, and Namibia is no exception.”

Since attaining independence in 1990, Namibia has experienced a wave of urbanisation. In 1991, the urban population of Namibia stood at 28%, which rapidly increased to 33% in 2001, 42% in 2011 and 47% in 2016.

According to the report, urbanisation has resulted in the rapid expansion of informal settlements, causing a high demand for municipal services, such as water, sewerage and electricity, and increased poor housing conditions.

Windhoek reported that from 2012 to 2016, the rate of urbanisation was estimated at 4%, which exerts pressure on the city to provide housing and municipal services.

“However, due to the rate of influx, the city is unable to cope and the migrants are forced to settle in areas without municipal services, which further exposes them to harsh living conditions,” the report says.

Apart from Windhoek, other urban areas like Walvis Bay are experiencing similar urbanisation trends.

The report further adds that droughts have increased in the past ten years, a trend which meteorological reports attribute to shifts in the global circulation patterns and the El Niño effect.

“There is evidence that Namibia's temperature has been rising at three times the global mean temperature increases reported for the 20th century.”

Furthermore, it is predicted with a high degree of certainty that Namibia should expect an increase in temperatures of between 1°C and 3.5°C in summer and 1°C to 4°C in winter during the period 2046 to 2065.

The temperature increase has implications on water resources, evaporation, evapo-transpiration and agricultural productivity, which will impact on the livelihoods of people.

According to the report, when people normally do not have sufficient food and water (both for themselves and their livestock), they are forced to move in search of better livelihoods, which has an implication on internal migration.

“Natural hazards and climate change affect a wide range of social and ecological systems that are vital for the communities' livelihoods, which has a major implication on food security and leads to forced migration.”

It adds that with decreasing resilience and declining livelihoods, the affected communities are now forced to seek alternative homes, leading to increased internal migration, which fuels the rural-urban migration momentum.


Similar News


State urged to take land by force

21 hours ago | Local News

If those currently in possession of farms are not willing to sell them to government at a reasonable price, the constitution should be amended to...

Is Windhoek hierso!

21 hours ago | Local News

Windhoek is now ranked as Africa's fifth most expensive city to live in by a survey that measures the cost of living in various cities...

Ex-cop denied bail

21 hours ago | Local News

The Windhoek High Court yesterday refused bail to a former police constable on trial for the brutal murder of his two sons in 2014.Albertus !Ganeb,...

Govt project sparks San eviction fears

21 hours ago | Local News

A first nation community, who are already experiencing poverty and despair, say their rights are being violated and government has chosen to ignore their pleas.Members...

A humble warrior

21 hours ago | Local News

As the country mourns Theo-Ben Gurirab, many have reflected on his humility, saying he always made time for friend and foe. Gurirab is being remembered...

Ohangwena tayi kondjitha ombuto yoHIV

21 hours ago | Local News

Konyala aantu yeli po 53 267 oya konaakonwa ombuto yoHIV moshitopolwa shaHangwena, moshikako shomvula yo2017/18, naantu 2 146 oya monika ombuto.Omiyalu ndhoka odha etitha...

Futeni iishoshela yepangelo - Schlettwein

21 hours ago | Local News

Ominista yEmona, Calle Schlettwein oya holola omaiyuvo gawo kutya aakwashigwana ayehe mboka haya mono iiyemo tayi pumbwa okufutilwa iishoshela oya pumbwa okufuta iishoshela yepangelo,...

Pay your dues - Schlettwein

1 day - 17 July 2018 | Local News

Finance minister Calle Schlettwein is of the opinion that all citizens must pay tax, irrespective of the sector they are engaged in.This follows moves by...

Air Nam appeals Zim impounding

1 day - 17 July 2018 | Local News

Air Namibia has lodged an appeal against a court order issued in Zimbabwe to impound its planes after a Zimbabwean family sued the airline for...

Man loses head in brick machine

1 day - 17 July 2018 | Local News

A 26-year-old man lost his life on Friday in Swakopmund while he was cleaning a brickmaking machine. His head was fractured and cut off when...

Latest News

Calle urges parties to account

21 hours ago | Economics

NDAMA NAKASHOLEFinance minister Calle Schlettwein has urged each political party to remain accountable to the public in regard to the public funds it receives.The figures...

Rest easy, gentle giant

21 hours ago | Opinion

The late Theo-Ben Gurirab was without an iota of doubt a gentle giant, whose life was lived in service and dedication to Namibia's struggle for...

Dangote signs US$650mln Afreximbank loan

21 hours ago | Economics

Africa’s richest man, Aliko Dangote, has signed a US$650 million loan facility with the African Export-Import Bank (Afreximbank) for his oil refinery project in Nigeria.Africa’s...

New revenue agency operational by...

21 hours ago | Government

Finance minister Calle Schlettwein is optimistic that the much-anticipated Namibia Revenue Agency will be operational come 1 March 2019. This will coincide with the start...

Dippenaar blames Joschko for crash

21 hours ago | Justice

Jandré Dippenaar has placed the blame for a crash in which six people died squarely on the shoulders of Markus Walter Joschko, who was also...

CIF, NSI highlight criticality of...

21 hours ago | Economics

STAFF REPORTERAn efficient use of scarce financial resources both in the public and private sector demands an awareness and application of building standards and adherence...

Ramaphosa talks tough on mine...

21 hours ago | Economics

Safety is a huge issue in South Africa’s deep and dangerous mines and increasingly a focus for investors. A spate of deaths at Sibanye-Stillwater’s gold...

NAB appoints new CEO

21 hours ago | Agriculture

The Namibian Agronomic Board (NAB) has announced the appointment of Dr Fidelis Nyambe Mwazi as its newly appointed CEO. Mwazi takes over the reins from...

Seed bill could limit imports...

21 hours ago | Agriculture

The Seed and Seed Varieties Bill, expected to be adopted by the National Assembly, could limit the importing and exporting of seeds, finance minister Calle...

Load More